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Back to Basics: What is the Difference Between Wills and Trusts?

Wills and Trusts are often paired together in discussions about planning for one’s future. But do they do similar things? Can you have one without the other? And how do you decide which one you need? 

Let us first explore what these documents entail individually.

What Is a Will?

Wills, also known as last wills and testaments, play a starring role in Estate Planning. However, discussions about Estate Planning will often say that simply having a will is not enough. While it is true that a more comprehensive Estate Plan will add extra layers of protection to your legacy, your will remains a crucial part of the process, serving as the primary document for expressing your wishes, ensuring your assets are distributed as you want them to, and keeping your loved ones protected. 

Here are some of the key features of a will:

  • Probate process: For a will to take effect, it must go through probate. This is a legal process where the court validates the will, addresses outstanding debts and taxes, and ensures the proper distribution of assets to heirs or beneficiaries.


  • Public record: Wills are a part of public record, ensuring accountability and preventing fraudulent activities during probate. However, it comes with privacy concerns for the deceased and their beneficiaries. 


  • Guardianship for minors: Wills play a pivotal role in appointing guardians for children, as explicitly addressing guardianship provisions in a will can help prevent potential disputes and uncertainty.

While a well-executed helps many manage their estate after their passing, there are still some challenges in the process:

  • Lack of privacy: Wills lack the privacy afforded by other Estate Planning tools, and this transparency may not align with your preference for confidentiality in sensitive matters.


  • Potential Disputes: Challenges in the execution of a will include the possibility of disputes among heirs or beneficiaries, questions about the validity of the will, and disagreements over the interpretation of its terms. 


You can discuss these concerns with a will lawyer to gain more insight into ways to bypass them, such as a trust.

What are Trusts? 

Creating a trust might feel a bit complicated, especially if your estate seems pretty straightforward. Yet, rest assured, trusts can be your trusty ally, no matter the size or complexity of your assets.

A trust is a legal arrangement that is there to help you safeguard and manage your assets in a way that’s extra secure. These trusts can operate during your lifetime, as well as posthumously.

Here are the key features of a trust:

  • Avoidance of probate:  By designating assets to a trust, you can spare your heirs the time-consuming and costly probate proceedings.


  • Privacy benefits: Trusts operate with a level of confidentiality not afforded by wills, which become public records subject to scrutiny. Trusts offer more confidentiality for asset distribution, preserving the privacy of you and your beneficiaries.


  • Flexibility in distribution: With the ability to outline specific conditions and timelines for distribution, you can tailor your trust to suit the unique needs and circumstances of your beneficiaries.

There are several types of trusts that you can go for, such as: 

  • Revocable Living Trust: This trust offers flexibility, allowing you to manage your assets during your lifetime. The “revocable” aspect means you can make alterations or revoke the trust as needed.


  • Irrevocable Trusts: Irrevocable trusts, once established, cannot be modified or revoked without the consent of the beneficiaries. While it involves relinquishing some control, these trusts provide advantages such as tax benefits and robust asset protection.


  • Testamentary Trusts: Embedded within a will, testamentary trusts come into effect only upon the creator’s passing and prove invaluable for managing assets dedicated to specific beneficiaries or unique circumstances like the care of children or individuals with special needs.

As we dive into the intricacies of trusts, it becomes clear that these legal instruments are not one-size-fits-all. Instead, they offer you the flexibility to customize your estate plans according to your unique needs and goals. Consulting with a trust lawyer can hence be crucial.

Deciding Between Wills and Trusts 

If you are wondering whether you need just a will, or both a will and trust, here are some of the things things to consider:

  • Avoiding Probate: If you wish to avoid the process of probate, you can use trusts. They smoothly transfer assets to beneficiaries, all without the hassle of court involvement.
  • Confidentiality: Wills are part of public record, which can lead to disputes between your heirs. Trusts on the other hand remain private and keep your assets, beneficiaries, and specific instructions confidential.
  • Cost-Effectiveness: Starting a trust may seem like diving into complex legal waters, potentially leading to extra costs. If your estate is more on the modest and straightforward side, a will offers an easy, cost-effective alternative.
  • Ease of Management: Managing a trust can require several ongoing responsibilities. Wills on the other hand are generally easier to modify and manage, ensuring simplicity in the process.

With pros and cons for both wills and trusts, how you decide whether to choose one or both will depend on your circumstances and your estate. 

An Estate Planning expert can be your guide in this decision-making. They can assess your needs, provide guidance seasoned with their expertise, and ensure your path to securing the future is as smooth as possible with their Estate Planning tips! After all, planning for tomorrow should feel as comforting as catching up with an old friend.


Navigating the landscape of estate planning becomes more straightforward when you understand the differences between wills and trusts, allowing you to secure your assets and ensure the well-being of your loved ones.

Consider your needs when choosing between wills and trusts. Trusts are powerful for avoiding probate, maintaining confidentiality, and navigating intricate asset distribution. Alternatively, if simplicity and cost-effectiveness are priorities, a will may suffice for a straightforward estate.

Consulting an Estate Planning lawyer is crucial for aligning your preferences with a tailored strategy. They provide valuable guidance to ensure your estate plan fits your unique circumstances. Remember, the choice isn’t just between wills and trusts, it’s about crafting a plan that uniquely suits your life.

Shalini Codispoti

Shalini Codispoti is a distinguished estate planning attorney with over 18 years of experience, committed to helping families navigate the complexities of estate and trust planning. Born and raised in the multicultural backdrop of Trinidad and Tobago, Shalini's passion for law and justice was shaped early. After moving to Texas, she pursued a career in law, obtaining her degree and initially working as a litigator. Her experiences in litigation highlighted the essential need for meticulous and proactive estate planning to prevent familial conflicts and legal disputes over assets. Shalini founded Codispoti Law with a mission to provide personalized and thorough legal solutions that ensure her clients' wishes are respected and their assets protected. Her approach combines deep legal expertise with a genuine concern for the well-being of her clients, making her a trusted advisor in times of need. Her dedication extends beyond the office as she actively participates in community services, aiming to bring opportunities and legal aid to those in need.